Bowlby’s Attachment Theory details how beginning school can set the tone for future academic success (or lack thereof). Young children who come to school unprepared to temporarily separate from mom will begin school fearful and unmotivated to learn. Likewise, parents who are unable to separate from their youngsters will negatively affect the success of their children in school.
Children with insecure attachment to their parents are at risk for behavioral and physiological negative emotion reactivity. Children classified as insecure are more likely to show elevated emotion reactivity, startle response to conditions of threat, self- and parent-reported measures of emotional experience. These children also display greater levels of clinical distress than children with a secure attachment.